Hamlet* by William Shakespeare § 5.2

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ACT V
SCENE II. A hall in the castle.
[Enter HAMLET and HORATIO]
HAMLET.
So much for this, sir: now shall you see the other;
4775 You do remember all the circumstance?
HORATIO.
Remember it, my lord?
HAMLET.
Sir, in my heart there was a kind of fighting,
4780 That would not let me sleep: methought I lay
Worse than the mutines in the bilboes. Rashly,
And praised be rashness for it, let us know,
Our indiscretion sometimes serves us well,
When our deep plots do pall: and that should teach us
4785 There's a divinity that shapes our ends,
Rough-hew them how we will,--
HORATIO.
That is most certain.
HAMLET.
4790 Up from my cabin,
My sea-gown scarf'd about me, in the dark
Groped I to find out them; had my desire.
Finger'd their packet, and in fine withdrew
To mine own room again; making so bold,
4795 My fears forgetting manners, to unseal
Their grand commission; where I found, Horatio,--
O royal knavery!--an exact command,
Larded with many several sorts of reasons
Importing Denmark's health and England's too,
4800 With, ho! such bugs and goblins in my life,
That, on the supervise, no leisure bated,
No, not to stay the grinding of the axe,
My head should be struck off.
HORATIO.
4805 Is't possible?
HAMLET.
Here's the commission: read it at more leisure.
But wilt thou hear me how I did proceed?
HORATIO.
4810 I beseech you.
HAMLET.
Being thus be-netted round with villanies,--
Ere I could make a prologue to my brains,
They had begun the play--I sat me down,
4815 Devised a new commission, wrote it fair:
I once did hold it, as our statists do,
A baseness to write fair and labour'd much
How to forget that learning, but, sir, now
It did me yeoman's service: wilt thou know
4820 The effect of what I wrote?
HORATIO.
Ay, good my lord.
HAMLET.
An earnest conjuration from the king,
4825 As England was his faithful tributary,
As love between them like the palm might flourish,
As peace should stiff her wheaten garland wear
And stand a comma 'tween their amities,
And many such-like 'As'es of great charge,
4830 That, on the view and knowing of these contents,
Without debatement further, more or less,
He should the bearers put to sudden death,
Not shriving-time allow'd.
HORATIO.
4835 How was this seal'd?
HAMLET.
Why, even in that was heaven ordinant.
I had my father's signet in my purse,
Which was the model of that Danish seal;
4840 Folded the writ up in form of the other,
Subscribed it, gave't the impression, placed it safely,
The changeling never known. Now, the next day
Was our sea-fight; and what to this was sequent
Thou know'st already.
4845 HORATIO.
So Guildenstern and Rosencrantz go to't.
HAMLET.
Why, man, they did make love to this employment;
They are not near my conscience; their defeat
4850 Does by their own insinuation grow:
'Tis dangerous when the baser nature comes
Between the pass and fell incensed points
Of mighty opposites.
HORATIO.
4855 Why, what a king is this!
HAMLET.
Does it not, think'st thee, stand me now upon--
He that hath kill'd my king and whored my mother,
Popp'd in between the election and my hopes,
4860 Thrown out his angle for my proper life,
And with such cozenage--is't not perfect conscience,
To quit him with this arm? and is't not to be damn'd,
To let this canker of our nature come
In further evil?
4865 HORATIO.
It must be shortly known to him from England
What is the issue of the business there.
HAMLET.
It will be short: the interim is mine;
4870 And a man's life's no more than to say 'One.'
But I am very sorry, good Horatio,
That to Laertes I forgot myself;
For, by the image of my cause, I see
The portraiture of his: I'll court his favours.
4875 But, sure, the bravery of his grief did put me
Into a towering passion.
HORATIO.
Peace! who comes here?
[Enter OSRIC]
4880 OSRIC.
Your lordship is right welcome back to Denmark.
HAMLET.
I humbly thank you, sir. Dost know this water-fly?
HORATIO.
4885 No, my good lord.
HAMLET.
Thy state is the more gracious; for 'tis a vice to
know him. He hath much land, and fertile: let a
beast be lord of beasts, and his crib shall stand at
4890 the king's mess: 'tis a chough; but, as I say,
spacious in the possession of dirt.
OSRIC.
Sweet lord, if your lordship were at leisure, I
should impart a thing to you from his majesty.
4895 HAMLET.
I will receive it, sir, with all diligence of
spirit. Put your bonnet to his right use; 'tis for the head.
OSRIC.
I thank your lordship, it is very hot.
4900 HAMLET.
No, believe me, 'tis very cold; the wind is
northerly.
OSRIC.
It is indifferent cold, my lord, indeed.
4905 HAMLET.
But yet methinks it is very sultry and hot for my
complexion.
OSRIC.
Exceedingly, my lord; it is very sultry,--as
4910 'twere,--I cannot tell how. But, my lord, his
majesty bade me signify to you that he has laid a
great wager on your head: sir, this is the matter,--
HAMLET.
I beseech you, remember--
4915 [HAMLET moves him to put on his hat]
OSRIC.
Nay, good my lord; for mine ease, in good faith.
Sir, here is newly come to court Laertes; believe
me, an absolute gentleman, full of most excellent
4920 differences, of very soft society and great showing:
indeed, to speak feelingly of him, he is the card or
calendar of gentry, for you shall find in him the
continent of what part a gentleman would see.
HAMLET.
4925 Sir, his definement suffers no perdition in you;
though, I know, to divide him inventorially would
dizzy the arithmetic of memory, and yet but yaw
neither, in respect of his quick sail. But, in the
verity of extolment, I take him to be a soul of
4930 great article; and his infusion of such dearth and
rareness, as, to make true diction of him, his
semblable is his mirror; and who else would trace
him, his umbrage, nothing more.
OSRIC.
4935 Your lordship speaks most infallibly of him.
HAMLET.
The concernancy, sir? why do we wrap the gentleman
in our more rawer breath?
OSRIC.
4940 Sir?
HORATIO.
Is't not possible to understand in another tongue?
You will do't, sir, really.
HAMLET.
4945 What imports the nomination of this gentleman?
OSRIC.
Of Laertes?
HORATIO.
His purse is empty already; all's golden words are spent.
4950 HAMLET.
Of him, sir.
OSRIC.
I know you are not ignorant--
HAMLET.
4955 I would you did, sir; yet, in faith, if you did,
it would not much approve me. Well, sir?
OSRIC.
You are not ignorant of what excellence Laertes is--
HAMLET.
4960 I dare not confess that, lest I should compare with
him in excellence; but, to know a man well, were to
know himself.
OSRIC.
I mean, sir, for his weapon; but in the imputation
4965 laid on him by them, in his meed he's unfellowed.
HAMLET.
What's his weapon?
OSRIC.
Rapier and dagger.
4970 HAMLET.
That's two of his weapons: but, well.
OSRIC.
The king, sir, hath wagered with him six Barbary
horses: against the which he has imponed, as I take
4975 it, six French rapiers and poniards, with their
assigns, as girdle, hangers, and so: three of the
carriages, in faith, are very dear to fancy, very
responsive to the hilts, most delicate carriages,
and of very liberal conceit.
4980 HAMLET.
What call you the carriages?
HORATIO.
I knew you must be edified by the margent ere you had done.
OSRIC.
4985 The carriages, sir, are the hangers.
HAMLET.
The phrase would be more german to the matter, if we
could carry cannon by our sides: I would it might
be hangers till then. But, on: six Barbary horses
4990 against six French swords, their assigns, and three
liberal-conceited carriages; that's the French bet
against the Danish. Why is this 'imponed,' as you call it?
OSRIC.
The king, sir, hath laid, that in a dozen passes
4995 between yourself and him, he shall not exceed you
three hits: he hath laid on twelve for nine; and it
would come to immediate trial, if your lordship
would vouchsafe the answer.
HAMLET.
5000 How if I answer 'no'?
OSRIC.
I mean, my lord, the opposition of your person in trial.
HAMLET.
Sir, I will walk here in the hall: if it please his
5005 majesty, 'tis the breathing time of day with me; let
the foils be brought, the gentleman willing, and the
king hold his purpose, I will win for him an I can;
if not, I will gain nothing but my shame and the odd hits.
OSRIC.
5010 Shall I re-deliver you e'en so?
HAMLET.
To this effect, sir; after what flourish your nature will.
OSRIC.
I commend my duty to your lordship.
5015 HAMLET.
Yours, yours.
[Exit OSRIC]
He does well to commend it himself; there are no
tongues else for's turn.
5020 HORATIO.
This lapwing runs away with the shell on his head.
HAMLET.
He did comply with his dug, before he sucked it.
Thus has he--and many more of the same bevy that I
5025 know the dressy age dotes on--only got the tune of
the time and outward habit of encounter; a kind of
yesty collection, which carries them through and
through the most fond and winnowed opinions; and do
but blow them to their trial, the bubbles are out.
5030 [Enter a Lord]
LORD.
My lord, his majesty commended him to you by young
Osric, who brings back to him that you attend him in
the hall: he sends to know if your pleasure hold to
5035 play with Laertes, or that you will take longer time.
HAMLET.
I am constant to my purpose; they follow the king's
pleasure: if his fitness speaks, mine is ready; now
or whensoever, provided I be so able as now.
5040 LORD.
The king and queen and all are coming down.
HAMLET.
In happy time.
LORD.
5045 The queen desires you to use some gentle
entertainment to Laertes before you fall to play.
HAMLET.
She well instructs me.
[Exit Lord]
5050 HORATIO.
You will lose this wager, my lord.
HAMLET.
I do not think so: since he went into France, I
have been in continual practise: I shall win at the
5055 odds. But thou wouldst not think how ill all's here
about my heart: but it is no matter.
HORATIO.
Nay, good my lord,--
HAMLET.
5060 It is but foolery; but it is such a kind of
gain-giving, as would perhaps trouble a woman.
HORATIO.
If your mind dislike any thing, obey it: I will
forestall their repair hither, and say you are not
5065 fit.
HAMLET.
Not a whit, we defy augury: there's a special
providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it be now, [137]
'tis not to come; if it be not to come, it will be
5070 now; if it be not now, yet it will come: the
readiness is all: since no man has aught of what he
leaves, what is't to leave betimes?
[Enter KING CLAUDIUS, QUEEN GERTRUDE, LAERTES, Lords, OSRIC, and Attendants with foils, & c]
KING CLAUDIUS.
5075 Come, Hamlet, come, and take this hand from me.
[KING CLAUDIUS puts LAERTES' hand into HAMLET's]
HAMLET.
Give me your pardon, sir: I've done you wrong;
But pardon't, as you are a gentleman.
5080 This presence knows,
And you must needs have heard, how I am punish'd
With sore distraction. What I have done,
That might your nature, honour and exception
Roughly awake, I here proclaim was madness.
5085 Was't Hamlet wrong'd Laertes? Never Hamlet:
If Hamlet from himself be ta'en away,
And when he's not himself does wrong Laertes,
Then Hamlet does it not, Hamlet denies it.
Who does it, then? His madness: if't be so,
5090 Hamlet is of the faction that is wrong'd;
His madness is poor Hamlet's enemy.
Sir, in this audience,
Let my disclaiming from a purposed evil
Free me so far in your most generous thoughts,
5095 That I have shot mine arrow o'er the house,
And hurt my brother.
LAERTES.
I am satisfied in nature,
Whose motive, in this case, should stir me most
5100 To my revenge: but in my terms of honour
I stand aloof; and will no reconcilement,
Till by some elder masters, of known honour,
I have a voice and precedent of peace,
To keep my name ungored. But till that time,
5105 I do receive your offer'd love like love,
And will not wrong it.
HAMLET.
I embrace it freely;
And will this brother's wager frankly play.
5110 Give us the foils. Come on.
LAERTES.
Come, one for me.
HAMLET.
I'll be your foil, Laertes: in mine ignorance
5115 Your skill shall, like a star i' the darkest night,
Stick fiery off indeed.
LAERTES.
You mock me, sir.
HAMLET.
5120 No, by this hand.
KING CLAUDIUS.
Give them the foils, young Osric. Cousin Hamlet,
You know the wager?
HAMLET.
5125 Very well, my lord
Your grace hath laid the odds o' the weaker side.
KING CLAUDIUS.
I do not fear it; I have seen you both:
But since he is better'd, we have therefore odds.
5130 LAERTES.
This is too heavy, let me see another.
HAMLET.
This likes me well. These foils have all a length?
[They prepare to play]
5135 OSRIC.
Ay, my good lord.
KING CLAUDIUS.
Set me the stoops of wine upon that table.
If Hamlet give the first or second hit,
5140 Or quit in answer of the third exchange,
Let all the battlements their ordnance fire:
The king shall drink to Hamlet's better breath;
And in the cup an union shall he throw,
Richer than that which four successive kings
5145 In Denmark's crown have worn. Give me the cups;
And let the kettle to the trumpet speak,
The trumpet to the cannoneer without,
The cannons to the heavens, the heavens to earth,
'Now the king dunks to Hamlet.' Come, begin:
5150 And you, the judges, bear a wary eye.
HAMLET.
Come on, sir.
LAERTES.
Come, my lord.
5155 [They play]
HAMLET.
One.
LAERTES.
No.
5160 HAMLET.
Judgment.
OSRIC.
A hit, a very palpable hit.
LAERTES.
5165 Well; again.
KING CLAUDIUS.
Stay; give me drink. Hamlet, this pearl is thine;
Here's to thy health.
[Trumpets sound, and cannon shot off within]
5170 Give him the cup.
HAMLET.
I'll play this bout first; set it by awhile. Come.
[They play]
Another hit; what say you?
5175 LAERTES.
A touch, a touch, I do confess.
KING CLAUDIUS.
Our son shall win.
QUEEN GERTRUDE.
5180 He's fat, and scant of breath.
Here, Hamlet, take my napkin, rub thy brows;
The queen carouses to thy fortune, Hamlet.
HAMLET.
Good madam!
5185 KING CLAUDIUS.
Gertrude, do not drink.
QUEEN GERTRUDE.
I will, my lord; I pray you, pardon me.
KING CLAUDIUS.
5190 [Aside] It is the poison'd cup: it is too late.
HAMLET.
I dare not drink yet, madam; by and by.
QUEEN GERTRUDE.
Come, let me wipe thy face.
5195 LAERTES.
My lord, I'll hit him now.
KING CLAUDIUS.
I do not think't.
LAERTES.
5200 [Aside] And yet 'tis almost 'gainst my conscience.
HAMLET.
Come, for the third, Laertes: you but dally;
I pray you, pass with your best violence;
I am afeard you make a wanton of me.
5205 LAERTES.
Say you so? come on.
[They play]
OSRIC.
Nothing, neither way.
5210 LAERTES.
Have at you now!
[LAERTES wounds HAMLET; then in scuffling, they change rapiers, and HAMLET wounds LAERTES]
KING CLAUDIUS.
Part them; they are incensed.
5215 HAMLET.
Nay, come, again.
[QUEEN GERTRUDE falls]
OSRIC.
Look to the queen there, ho!
5220 HORATIO.
They bleed on both sides. How is it, my lord?
OSRIC.
How is't, Laertes?
LAERTES.
5225 Why, as a woodcock to mine own springe, Osric;
I am justly kill'd with mine own treachery.
HAMLET.
How does the queen?
KING CLAUDIUS.
5230 She swounds to see them bleed.
QUEEN GERTRUDE.
No, no, the drink, the drink,--O my dear Hamlet,--
The drink, the drink! I am poison'd.
[Dies]
5235 HAMLET.
O villany! Ho! let the door be lock'd:
Treachery! Seek it out.
LAERTES.
It is here, Hamlet: Hamlet, thou art slain;
5240 No medicine in the world can do thee good;
In thee there is not half an hour of life;
The treacherous instrument is in thy hand,
Unbated and envenom'd: the foul practise
Hath turn'd itself on me lo, here I lie,
5245 Never to rise again: thy mother's poison'd:
I can no more: the king, the king's to blame.
HAMLET.
The point!--envenom'd too!
Then, venom, to thy work.
5250 [Stabs KING CLAUDIUS]
ALL.
Treason! treason!
KING CLAUDIUS.
O, yet defend me, friends; I am but hurt.
5255 HAMLET.
Here, thou incestuous, murderous, damned Dane,
Drink off this potion. Is thy union here?
Follow my mother.
[KING CLAUDIUS dies]
5260 LAERTES.
He is justly served;
It is a poison temper'd by himself.
Exchange forgiveness with me, noble Hamlet:
Mine and my father's death come not upon thee,
5265 Nor thine on me.
[Dies]
HAMLET.
Heaven make thee free of it! I follow thee.
I am dead, Horatio. Wretched queen, adieu!
5270 You that look pale and tremble at this chance,
That are but mutes or audience to this act,
Had I but time--as this fell sergeant, death,
Is strict in his arrest--O, I could tell you--
But let it be. Horatio, I am dead;
5275 Thou livest; report me and my cause aright
To the unsatisfied.
HORATIO.
Never believe it:
I am more an antique Roman than a Dane:
5280 Here's yet some liquor left.
HAMLET.
As thou'rt a man,
Give me the cup: let go; by heaven, I'll have't.
O good Horatio, what a wounded name,
5285 Things standing thus unknown, shall live behind me!
If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart
Absent thee from felicity awhile,
And in this harsh world draw thy breath in pain,
To tell my story.
5290 [March afar off, and shot within]
What warlike noise is this?
OSRIC.
Young Fortinbras, with conquest come from Poland,
To the ambassadors of England gives
5295 This warlike volley.
HAMLET.
O, I die, Horatio;
The potent poison quite o'er-crows my spirit:
I cannot live to hear the news from England;
5300 But I do prophesy the election lights
On Fortinbras: he has my dying voice;
So tell him, with the occurrents, more and less,
Which have solicited. The rest is silence.
[Dies]
5305 HORATIO.
Now cracks a noble heart. Good night sweet prince:
And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest!
Why does the drum come hither?
[March within]
5310 [Enter FORTINBRAS, the English Ambassadors, and others]
PRINCE FORTINBRAS.
Where is this sight?
HORATIO.
What is it ye would see?
5315 If aught of woe or wonder, cease your search.
PRINCE FORTINBRAS.
This quarry cries on havoc. O proud death,
What feast is toward in thine eternal cell,
That thou so many princes at a shot
5320 So bloodily hast struck?
FIRST AMBASSADOR.
The sight is dismal;
And our affairs from England come too late:
The ears are senseless that should give us hearing,
5325 To tell him his commandment is fulfill'd,
That Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead:
Where should we have our thanks?
HORATIO.
Not from his mouth,
5330 Had it the ability of life to thank you:
He never gave commandment for their death.
But since, so jump upon this bloody question,
You from the Polack wars, and you from England,
Are here arrived give order that these bodies
5335 High on a stage be placed to the view;
And let me speak to the yet unknowing world
How these things came about: so shall you hear
Of carnal, bloody, and unnatural acts,
Of accidental judgments, casual slaughters,
5340 Of deaths put on by cunning and forced cause,
And, in this upshot, purposes mistook
Fall'n on the inventors' reads: all this can I
Truly deliver.
PRINCE FORTINBRAS.
5345 Let us haste to hear it,
And call the noblest to the audience.
For me, with sorrow I embrace my fortune:
I have some rights of memory in this kingdom,
Which now to claim my vantage doth invite me.
5350 HORATIO.
Of that I shall have also cause to speak,
And from his mouth whose voice will draw on more;
But let this same be presently perform'd,
Even while men's minds are wild; lest more mischance
5355 On plots and errors, happen.
PRINCE FORTINBRAS.
Let four captains
Bear Hamlet, like a soldier, to the stage;
For he was likely, had he been put on,
5360 To have proved most royally: and, for his passage,
The soldiers' music and the rites of war
Speak loudly for him.
Take up the bodies: such a sight as this
Becomes the field, but here shows much amiss.
5365 Go, bid the soldiers shoot.
[A dead march. Exeunt, bearing off the dead bodies; after which a peal of ordnance is shot off]

Hamlet's reference here to "the fall of a sparrow" is a direct allusion to Matthew 10:29 seen here: King James Bible* l29242.

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