William Shakespeare (1564-1616)

William Shakespeare (bapt. 26 April 1564 – 23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s greatest dramatist. He is often called England’s national poet and the “Bard of Avon”. His extant works, including collaborations, consist of approximately 39 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.

Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith. Sometime between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, later known as the King’s Men. At age 49 (around 1613), he appears to have retired to Stratford, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare’s private life survive; this has stimulated considerable speculation about such matters as his physical appearance, his sexuality, his religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others. Such theories are often criticised for failing to adequately note that few records survive of most commoners of the period.

Shakespeare produced most of his known works between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were primarily comedies and histories and are regarded as some of the best work produced in these genres. Until about 1608, he wrote mainly tragedies, among them Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, all considered to be among the finest works in the English language. In the last phase of his life, he wrote tragicomedies (also known as romances) and collaborated with other playwrights.

Many of Shakespeare’s plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy in his lifetime. However, in 1623, two fellow actors and friends of Shakespeare’s, John Heminges and Henry Condell, published a more definitive text known as the First Folio, a posthumous collected edition of Shakespeare’s dramatic works that included all but two of his plays. The volume was prefaced with a poem by Ben Jonson, in which Jonson presciently hails Shakespeare in a now-famous quote as “not of an age, but for all time”.

Throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, Shakespeare’s works have been continually adapted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. His plays remain popular and are studied, performed, and reinterpreted through various cultural and political contexts around the world.

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Pericles, Prince of Tyre*

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Pericles, Prince of Tyre is a Jacobean play written at least in part by William Shakespeare and included in modern editions of

The Sonnets*

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From Wikipedia

Shakespeare’s sonnets are poems that William Shakespeare wrote on a variety of themes. When disc

The Taming of the Shrew*

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The Taming of the Shrew is a comedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1590 and 1592. The play begin

Henry IV, Part 1*

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Henry IV, Part 1 is a history play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written no later than 1597. It is the second p

Henry VI, Part 1*

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Henry VI, Part 1, often referred to as 1 Henry VI, is a history play by William Shakespeare—possibly in collaboration with Chri

Henry IV, Part 2*

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Henry IV, Part 2 is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written between 1596 and 1599. It is the third

Henry VI, Part 2*

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Henry VI, Part 2 (often written as 2 Henry VI) is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1591 a

Henry VI, Part 3*

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Henry VI, Part 3 (often written as 3 Henry VI) is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1591 a

All's Well That Ends Well*

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All's Well That Ends Well is a play by William Shakespeare, published in the First Folio in 1623, where it is listed among the

As You Like It*

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As You Like It is a pastoral comedy by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1599 and first published in the Fir

Antony and Cleopatra*

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Antony and Cleopatra (First Folio title: The Tragedie of Anthonie, and Cleopatra) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare. The play

The Comedy of Errors*

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The Comedy of Errors is one of William Shakespeare's early plays. It is his shortest and one of his most farcical comedies, wit

Coriolanus*

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Coriolanus ( or ) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1605 and 1608. The play is based o

Cymbeline*

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Cymbeline , also known as Cymbeline, King of Britain, is a play by William Shakespeare set in Ancient Britain (c. AD 10–14) and

Hamlet*

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The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet, is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare sometime betwe

Henry V*

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Henry V is a history play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written near 1599. It tells the story of King Henry V o

Henry VIII*

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Henry VIII is a collaborative history play, written by William Shakespeare and John Fletcher, based on the life of King Henry V

King John*

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The Life and Death of King John, a history play by William Shakespeare, dramatises the reign of John, King of England (ruled 11

Julius Caesar*

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The Tragedy of Julius Caesar (First Folio title: The Tragedie of Iulius Cæsar) is a history play and tragedy by William Shakesp

King Lear*

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King Lear is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare. It depicts the gradual descent into madness of the title character, afte

Love's Labor Lost*

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This wiki is blank.

Macbeth*

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Macbeth (; full title The Tragedy of Macbeth) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare; it is thought to have been first performed i

Measure for Measure*

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Measure for Measure is a play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1603 or 1604. Originally published in th

The Merchant of Venice*

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The Merchant of Venice is a 16th-century play written by William Shakespeare in which a merchant in Venice (Antonio) must defau

The Merry Wives of Windsor*

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The Merry Wives of Windsor is a comedy by William Shakespeare first published in 1602, though believed to have been written in

A Midsummer Night's Dream*

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A Midsummer Night's Dream is a comedy written by William Shakespeare in 1595/96. It portrays the events surrounding the marriag

Much Ado About Nothing*

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Much Ado About Nothing is a comedy by William Shakespeare thought to have been written in 1598 and 1599, as Shakespeare was app

Othello*

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Othello (The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1603

Richard II*

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King Richard the Second is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in approximately 1595. It is bas

Richard III*

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Richard III is a historical play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written around 1593. It depicts the Machiavellian

Romeo and Juliet*

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Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deat

The Tempest*

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The Tempest is a play by William Shakespeare, probably written in 1610–1611, and thought to be one of the last plays that Shake

Timon of Athens*

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Timon of Athens (The Life of Tymon of Athens) is a play by William Shakespeare, probably written in collaboration with Thomas M

Titus Andronicus*

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Titus Andronicus is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1588 and 1593, probably in collabor

Troilus and Cressida*

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Troilus and Cressida () is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1602. It was described by Frederi

Twelfth Night*

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Twelfth Night, or What You Will is a comedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written around 1601–1602 as a Twelfth

The Two Gentlemen of Verona*

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The Two Gentlemen of Verona is a comedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1589 and 1593. It is cons

The Winter's Tale*

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The Winter's Tale is a play by William Shakespeare originally published in the First Folio of 1623. Although it was grouped amo